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古玩行2019精品推荐第12期:错金铭文七星宝剑

时间:2019-12-25 20:37:22   来源:未知

龙泉宝剑是中华古兵器的代表之一,也是我国著名的传统工艺美术品之一,迄今已有2500多年的历史。相传春秋末期,越国铸剑大师欧冶子在龙泉秦溪山铸成龙渊、泰阿、工布三把名剑。并以龙渊为乡名。后因避唐高祖李渊讳,以"泉"代"渊",改称龙泉。自此有龙泉宝剑之称,并闻名天下。龙泉宝剑又名七星宝剑,因其剑身上有北斗七星图案而得名,亦成为龙泉宝剑独特的“商标”内容之一。七星宝剑名扬千古,据东汉赵晔《吴越春秋》记载,春秋时,楚国亡臣伍子胥奔吴,途中有渔父助其渡江,伍子胥“乃解百金之剑,以与渔父,曰:‘此吾前君之剑,中有七星,价值百金,以此相答’”。隋唐诗人弘执泰的诗句“剑照七星影,马控千金骢。纵横方未悉,因兹在武功”,就描写了一位手执七星宝剑,驰骋疆场,战功显赫的武士形象。七星宝剑还有着许多神奇非凡的传说。”欧阳修笔下的七星宝剑,不但能暗室发光,还能预知天气变化而铮铮有声。而剑身上的辉煌七星,更使剑寒光逼人,锋利无比,镇妖邪除奸佞,其威力真可谓惊天地,泣鬼神了.

Longquan sword is one of the representatives of ancient Chinese weapons and one of the famous traditional arts and crafts in China. It has a history of more than 2500 years. It is said that at the end of the spring and Autumn period, Ou Yezi, a sword master of the state of Yue, forged three famous swords in Qinxi mountain, Longquan, namely Longyuan, tai'a and Gongbu. And take Longyuan as the township name. Later, due to avoiding the taboo of Li Yuan, the emperor of the Tang Dynasty, he replaced "Yuan" with "spring", which was renamed Longquan. Since then, it has been known as Longquan sword and is famous all over the world. Longquan sword, also known as the seven star sword, is named for its big dipper seven star pattern on its body, and also becomes one of the unique "trademark" contents of Longquan sword. The seven star sword has been famous for thousands of years. According to the records of Wuyue spring and autumn by Zhao Ye of the Eastern Han Dynasty, in the spring and Autumn period, Wu Zixu, the deceased Minister of Chu state, ran to Wu, and his father helped him cross the river on the way. Wu Zixu "is the sword to solve all kinds of gold and said to his father:" there are seven stars in the sword of our former king, which is worth all kinds of gold, so as to answer each other. ". Hongzhitai, a poet of Sui and Tang Dynasties, said, "the sword shines on seven stars, and the horse controls thousands of gold.". Without knowing that he is in martial arts, he describes a warrior with seven stars sword in his hand, galloping on the battlefield, and having outstanding fighting skills. There are many miraculous and extraordinary legends about the seven star sword. " Ouyang Xiu's seven star sword can not only shine in the dark room, but also predict the weather changes. The seven brilliant stars on the sword make the sword extremely sharp and cold. It can suppress evil spirits and eliminate crafty people. Its power can be described as astonishing

 

此剑从外形上来看, 由特质的木材制作而成的剑柄,外包着的黄铜已经失去光泽,上有透雕的吉祥图案,剑鞘由两块紫檀木制成,上面用三块黄铜固定。剑身选用钢质错金制作,剑锋并未开刃。两面镌刻龙凤、北斗七星图案,此剑经过岁月的洗礼,剑身上虽有氧化的痕迹,但是纹饰依旧清晰可见,实属罕见。

From the aspect of appearance, the hilt made of special wood has lost its luster and has auspicious patterns. The scabbard is made of two pieces of red sandalwood wood and fixed with three pieces of brass. The body of the sword is made of steel and gold. The blade is not cut. Both sides of the sword are engraved with Dragon Phoenix and Big Dipper seven star patterns. After years of baptism, though there are traces of oxidation on the sword body, the patterns are still clear and visible, which is rare.

 

北斗七星是北半球星空最引人注目的星象,这七颗星的名称分别为“天枢”、“天旋”、“天玑”、“天权”、“玉衡”、“天阳”和“摇光”,统称为大熊座。用线条,将这七星颗星联结起来,像一个有柄的斗。在古人眼里,北斗就象天帝乘坐的车子,运行于天极的中央,它是衡量时间季节和世间事务的准绳,故而视它为主宰一切的神祗。因此,古代先民在剑身上文饰北斗七星图案,以剑应天象之形,可以认为是基于对北斗七星的崇拜;同时,也表达了对七星宝剑“因天之精神”而威力无比、所向披靡的向往之情。

The Big Dipper seven stars are the most eye-catching stars in the northern hemisphere. The names of these seven stars are "Tianshu", "Tianxuan", "Tianji", "Tianquan", "Yuheng", "Tianyang" and "Yaoguang", collectively known as the constellation Ursa Major. Connect the seven stars with lines, like a handle. In the eyes of the ancients, Beidou was like the car of the emperor of heaven, running in the center of the heaven. It was the yardstick to measure the time, season and affairs of the world, so it was regarded as the God that dominated everything. Therefore, the ancient ancestors decorated the pattern of the Big Dipper seven stars on their swords, which was based on the worship of the Big Dipper seven stars. At the same time, they expressed their yearning for the seven star sword, which was extremely powerful and invincible because of the spirit of the sky.

 

东汉以后,剑退出了实战的战场,除了在舆服制度中的佩饰功能,剑的另一项用途,就是随着道教的兴起,成为道士手中的法器。道教的《北斗真经》说:“北辰垂象而众星拱之,为造化之枢机,作人神之主宰。宣威三界,统御万灵”。把北斗抬高到了至高无上的地步。于是,七星宝剑被灌注了“神力”,就具备了种种奇异的功能和无穷无尽的法力,传为神奇。据《洞玄灵宝道学科仪》称,为剑题名,呼之密咒环中,则“神金晖灵,使役百精,令我长生,万邪不害,天地相倾。”可见七星宝剑法力之大。

After the Eastern Han Dynasty, the sword withdrew from the battlefield of actual combat. In addition to its adornment function in the public service system, another use of the sword was to become a magic weapon in the hands of Taoists with the rise of Taoism. Taoism's "Beidou scripture" said: "the North stars hang down in the sky while the stars arch. They are the cardinals of creation and the masters of human beings and gods. Three realms of Xuanwei control all spirits. To raise the big dipper to the highest level. As a result, the seven star sword is infused with "magic power", which has a variety of strange functions and endless magic power, and is said to be magical. According to the "Dongxuan Lingbao Daoxue Keyi", it's the title of sword. In the dense magic ring, it's called "the God Jinhui spirit, which makes me live forever, does not harm all evils, and inclines heaven and earth." It can be seen that the seven star sword has great magic power.

 

在七星宝剑的故乡,有这样一个美丽的传说:二千五百多年前,铸剑世祖欧冶子在龙渊镇秦溪山下铸剑。此处有井七口,排列形状如北斗七星。井中寒泉清洌见底,欧冶子汲水淬剑,刚柔并济,锋利无比,当第一对雌雄剑制成时,忽然化为一道金光翱游于云际。后人为追忆欧冶子铸剑功绩,在所产剑上均镌刻上北斗七星和龙凤图案,故古人有诗云:“英英匣中剑,三尺秋水明。上有七星文,时作龙夜鸣。铸此双雌雄,云是欧冶生。”七星宝剑传千古,百代绝技有传人。

In the hometown of seven star sword, there is a beautiful legend: more than 25000 years ago, Ou Yezi, the ancestor of sword casting, cast his sword at the foot of Qinxi mountain in Longyuan town. There are seven wells here, arranged in the shape of the Big Dipper. When the first pair of male and female swords were made, they suddenly turned into a golden soaring in the clouds. In order to recall ouyezi's achievements in forging swords, the swords were all engraved with the patterns of Big Dipper, seven stars and dragon and Phoenix. Therefore, the ancients had a poem: "the swords in the Yingying box are three feet clear in autumn. There are seven star scripts on it, which are called "dragon at night". Casting this pair of male and female, cloud is Ou Yesheng. " The seven star sword has been handed down for thousands of years, and the unique skills of hundreds of generations have been handed down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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