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精品推荐:开元通宝

时间:2021-10-24 09:11:58   来源:网络

【藏品名称】:开元通宝

[collection name]: Kaiyuan Tongbao

【藏品类别】:钱币

[collection type]: Coins

【藏品简介】:开元通宝是唐代的货币。到了唐代,钱币就有“通宝”了。初唐沿用隋朝五铢,轻杂杂法。制作年代:唐初年至宋初年,为著名的书法大家欧阳询制词及书,始铸唐高祖武德四年,官方停铸日期,宋太祖开宝八年,开元时已成为大五帝钱的一部分,具有辟邪,旺财的功效。与此同时,开元通宝作为唐朝统治286年的主要流通货币,并对中国一千多年的铸币形态、钱文形态和十进位衡法产生了影响。《开元》一词内涵丰富,意义深远。

对于“开元通宝”背后的月牙儿纹到底有什么深层含义,古人有两种说法。唐代的郑虔《荟萃》、薛路《唐圣运图》均附会为李渊文德皇后甲痕。与宋人刘斧《青琐高议》则为唐玄宗贵妃杨玉环的甲痕所附。

[collection introduction]: Kaiyuan Tongbao is the currency of the Tang Dynasty. In the Tang Dynasty, coins had "Tongbao". The early Tang Dynasty followed the Sui Dynasty five baht, light miscellaneous method. Production time: from the early Tang Dynasty to the early Song Dynasty, Ouyang Xun, a famous calligrapher, made Ci and calligraphy. It was first cast in the fourth year of Wude of emperor Gaozu of the Tang Dynasty. The official stop date was the eighth year of Kaibao of emperor Taizu of the Song Dynasty. It has become a part of the money of the great five emperors in the Kaiyuan Dynasty, which has the effect of dispelling evil spirits and prospering wealth. At the same time, Kaiyuan Tongbao, as the main circulating currency under the rule of the Tang Dynasty for 286 years, had an impact on China's coinage form, money text form and decimal balance method for more than 1000 years. The word Kaiyuan has rich connotation and far-reaching significance.The ancients had two views on the deep meaning of the crescent moon pattern behind the "Kaiyuan Tongbao". Zheng Qian's "gathering" and Xue Lu's "Tang Shengyun map" in the Tang Dynasty are attached to the jiamark of empress Li Yuan Wende. "Qingsuo Gaoyi" with Liu axe of the Song Dynasty is attached to the nail mark of Yang Yuhuan, the imperial concubine of Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty.

 

在开元通宝的背上,月牙纹代表了中国传统观念,象征着新月的意义:“新生”、“向上”、“初生”。李渊取得政权,扫除隋弊,开创新时代。历代开国君主无不希望“从新更始”,经历了隋末大乱,饱尝战乱之苦的人们,也必然希望翻过历史的一页,开创新时代。于是,大书法家欧阳询在制钱文时,便取名为“开元通宝”,得到了李渊的赞同。

On the back of Kaiyuan Tongbao, the crescent pattern represents the traditional Chinese concept and symbolizes the meaning of the new moon: "newborn", "upward" and "newborn". Li Yuan gained political power, eliminated the disadvantages of the Sui Dynasty and opened a new era. The founding monarchs of the past dynasties all hope to "start a new era". People who experienced the chaos in the late Sui Dynasty and suffered from the war must also hope to turn a page of history and open a new era. Therefore, the great calligrapher Ouyang Xun named it "Kaiyuan Tongbao" when making money and prose, which was approved by Li Yuan.

因此,铸钱使等便在钱背上留下新月形以表新政权的新生兴旺、蒸蒸日上之义。甲纹位置不固定,每个方向都有,基本上是按八卦的方向。唐初以来,历代铸钱时都有新月纹出现在钱背上,直到清朝光绪钱还能看到,但都是陈陈相因,不知道甲纹的真正含义。

Therefore, the money casting envoy left a crescent on the back of the money to show the new prosperity and prosperity of the new regime. The position of nail pattern is not fixed. It exists in every direction, basically according to the direction of gossip. Since the early Tang Dynasty, crescent patterns have appeared on the back of coins in all dynasties. They can still be seen until Guangxu money in the Qing Dynasty, but they are all Chen Xiangyin. I don't know the real meaning of nail patterns.

 

这枚开元通宝背月版铜钱直径25.2毫米,重4.6克。硬币正面铸有“开元通宝”四字,笔法流畅,纹饰精细,纹饰精细。背上刻有月牙形纹饰,包浆古朴,形制规整,质地上乘,是才用上等黄铜精制而成,绝非一般流通币。这种钱币存世量稀少,收藏价值极高,可见这枚钱币的色泽极佳,“开元通宝”铸字精美,具有鲜明的特点。它包浆入骨,熟旧自然,打字深口清晰,流通痕迹显露古币收藏收藏是当今珍藏界的一大热门,这枚开元通宝这样的钱币,具有极高的投资价值和收藏价值。这是一种历史熏陶,具有深远的历史纪念意义。

This Kaiyuan Tongbao back month copper coin has a diameter of 25.2mm and a weight of 4.6g. The coin has the words "Kaiyuan Tongbao" on the front, with smooth writing, fine decoration and fine decoration. The back is engraved with crescent shaped decoration. The pulp wrapping is ancient and simple. The shape is regular and the texture is excellent. It is refined from high-grade brass and is by no means an ordinary circulating currency. This kind of coin is rare in existence and has high collection value. It can be seen that the color of this coin is excellent. The "Kaiyuan Tongbao" is exquisitely cast and has distinctive characteristics. It is wrapped into the bone, cooked naturally, typed deeply and clearly, and the circulation traces are revealed. The collection of ancient coins is a hot spot in today's collection industry. This coin like Kaiyuan Tongbao has high investment value and collection value. This is a kind of historical edification and has far-reaching historical significance

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